Children with ADHD may be hyperactive and unable control their impulses, or they may have trouble paying attention. These behaviors interfere with school and home life. following are ways which might help you teach them well.
You can more information about ADHD here.
How to teach ADHD Kids
1. Don’t Force Schooling
As a parent you should understand the need of kid, ADHD kids are difficult to fit in a traditional school setup.
Getting bullied by other students in a class and scolding from teacher will make them weaken their self-esteem.
Please consider Homeschooling and focus more on the activities which your kid is comfortable in doing.
2. Provide safe and predictable environment
Understand the struggle a student with ADHD has and provide an ordered, safe, predictable study environment.
The elements that comprise the core of ADHD symptoms typically lead to problems with self-control; as a result, children diagnosed with the problem require additional external controls (structured environment) in order to help them manage the symptoms.
When these external controls are “built in” at home, there is a very good chance the child can experience more successes while teaching them good skills and habits along the way.
3. Give Simple and Concrete directions
Give directions in simple, concrete terms. Simplify instructions, tasks and assignments. Have the child complete one step before introducing the second step. Structured instruction with stated goals and objectives can help kids understand and do what is expected of them.
Instruction should address the level and needs of the student. Students with ADHD also benefit from guided practice and other supports. More frequent prompts, more opportunities to respond, and immediate, specific feedback can keep students engaged.
4. Use Variety of Teaching Aids
Divide lessons into relatively short segments and use a variety of teaching aids such as films, tapes, computer programs and small group work to reinforce the child’s learning.
5. Use Rewards & Point System
Rewards can be used as positive reinforcement for modifying negative behaviors. Rewards that are selected by the child are usually the most powerful. Also, a variety of reward possibilities helps to keep a child motivated over a long period of time.
Rewards can be privileges, things or activities with parents. Be sure rewards don’t become a substitute for words of praise and encouragement; rewards are most meaningful when given along with positive words and touch from parents.
Use a point system, tokens, stars, or other methods to reinforce appropriate behaviors, give rewards for good behavior.
6. Face to Face Speaking
one of the best ways to let your child know that you want to talk to him is to be face-to-face. This means joining your child at his physical level, whether that’s on the floor together, facing him in his high chair, or sitting together at the table. Make eye contact with your child and let him know that you are listening and interested.
Make time to speak to the student individually. Be respectful and express interest in his or her success by asking how he or she learns best. Pause and wait for your child to send you messages. gesturing with your hands and face (such as pointing, shrugging your shoulders, or frowning) helps young children understand the meaning of your words.
7. Encourage your child to ask for things
Make sure to inculcate a habit of asking for things in your child. Do not give things to your kid without him asking for it or to start with pointing at it, also don’t give him easy access to the things he want, even if he doesn’t know how to ask, make sure you show him things and tell him to ask for it, slowly and steadily he learns it.
Talking with your child doesn’t mean that you should do all of the talking! Pause and wait for your child to send you messages. And when it’s your turn to talk, talk about what interests your child.
By following your child’s lead, you let him know that you are interested in what he has to say, which will make him want to have longer conversations with you.
8. Provide Opportunity for Physical Activity
Provide opportunities for physical activity. Choose the hyperactive child to hand out papers or do other classroom jobs that can help release pent up energy and contribute to his or her feeling of self-worth.
Exercise turns on the attention system, the so-called executive functions sequencing, working memory, prioritizing, inhibiting, and sustaining attention.”
While most of us focus on exercise as a way to trim our waistlines, the better news is that routine physical activity firms up the brain making it a simple, alternative ADHD treatment.
9. Allow kids to take breaks during study/Activity
Modify required homework to accommodate students who are severely impacted with ADHD. Avoid busy, redundant assignment. Even if you’ve provided ample downtime between lessons, some ADHD children can be still for only a short time.
If you sense that a student is reaching his limit, let him get up to stretch his legs – even in the middle of a test. Allow them to take a quick break from the dinner table to get rid of surplus energy – and to rejoin.
Use the same strategy at sporting events, religious services, and other settings that require kids to sit still for extended periods.
10. Provide Opportunities
Provide the ADHD kid opportunities to display his or her skills, talents and/or leadership ability.
11. Make Classroom rules clear and concise
Make classroom rules clear and concise. Discuss them orally and post them for easy reference. Explain the consequences for misbehavior in understandable terms and enforce them consistently. Avoid power struggles.
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