Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that first appears during infancy or childhood, and generally follows a steady course without remission (temporary end to the medical signs and symptoms of an incurable disease) . People with autism may be severely impaired in some respects but normal, or even superior, in others.
Autism is characterized by impaired social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication, and restricted and repetitive behavior. Parents usually notice signs in the first two years of their child’s life.These signs often develop gradually, though some children with autism reach their developmental milestones at a normal pace but later start showing the behavior. The diagnostic criteria require that symptoms become apparent in early childhood, typically before age three.
Autism is suspected to be due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Unusual social development becomes apparent early in childhood. Autistic infants show less attention to social stimuli, smile and look at others less often, and respond less to their own name. Autistic toddlers differ more strikingly from social norms; for example, they have less eye contact and turn-taking, and do not have the ability to use simple movements to express themselves, such as pointing at things.Three- to five-year-old children with autism are less likely to exhibit social understanding, approach others spontaneously, imitate and respond to emotions, communicate non-verbally, and take turns with others.
Why it is important for parents to know the difference between tantrums and meltdowns, although children exhibit similar behavior (yelling, screaming, crying, dropping to the floor, flailing, hitting or biting self, etc.) during tantrum and meltdown. Because your understanding as a parent will decide who you will help your child come out of it.
What is Tantrum?
Tantrums are one of the most common forms of problematic behavior in young children, but tend to decrease in frequency and intensity as the child grows older.
Following are few points to understand if child is having tantrum.
Most of the autistic children are visual learners, you can play indoor or outdoor games with your child , so your child can enjoy at home or outside.
Focus of the activities should be to make eye-contact, associate words with objects and improve language, stay focused, and strengthen motor skills, improve numerical skills and learn how to interact with others, how to take turns, and other social skills needed for them.
Also there are some games and toys available in market to make our job easy.
1. Photo conversation cards
One of the many issues that autistic children have is their impaired communication patterns. More often they have difficulty connecting or relating with the message of the communication.
Using the Photo Conversation Cards helps children with Autism to be able to focus on a particular topic.
Each photo card comes with a very unique story that focuses on the development of the child’s communication and social relationship skills.
You can then discuss with your kid certain aspects of a particular social situation and help explore the possible actions or even reactions of the individuals who are involved in that particular social situation.
It is generally perceived that having autism is bad for children’s life, but the thing is, they are just different than other children, being a different does not mean bad. there are so many positive qualities seen in people and children with autism.
Following are few of the positives of autistic people.
1. Autistic People rarely Lie Autistic kids are conscientious, reliable, and honest, and are able to easily forgive others. They are not inclined to lie to others, are not inclined to steal from others. The reason for their inability to lie is closely tied to ‘theory of mind.’
Most autistic individuals have difficulty understanding that other people have their own thoughts, feelings, plans and point of views. They also assume that others know their own thoughts, feelings, plans, etc.