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Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved. Memory is vital to experiences; it is the retention of information over time for the purpose of influencing future action. If we could not remember past events, we could not learn or develop language, relationships, nor personal identity.
There are three main stages in the formation and retrieval of memory:
- Encoding or registration: receiving, processing and combining of received information.
- Storage: creation of a record of the encoded information in short-term or long-term memory.
- Retrieval, recall or recollection: calling back the stored information in response to some cue for use in a process or activity.
The loss of memory is described as forgetfulness or amnesia.
There are three types of memories.
- Sensory Memory: holds sensory information less than one second after an item is perceived.
- Short-term memory: Also known as working memory. Short-term memory allows recall for a period of several seconds to a minute without rehearsal.
- Long-term memory: Long-term memory can store much larger quantities of information for potentially unlimited duration (sometimes a whole life span).
Practice following tasks regularly to increase memory capacity
Researchers use variety of tasks to assess children and adults memory. Regular practice of these tasks would help increase capacity of memorizing things.
- Paired associate learning– Learn to associate one specific word with another. For example, when given a word such as “safe” one must learn to say another specific word, such as “green”. This is stimulus and response.
- Free recall– Study a list of words and then later try to recall or write down as many words that you can remember, similar to free response questions. Earlier items are affected by retroactive interference (RI), which means the longer the list, the greater the interference, and the less likelihood that they are recalled.On the other hand, items that have been presented lastly suffer little RI, but suffer a great deal from proactive interference (PI), which means the longer the delay in recall, the more likely that the items will be lost.
- Cued recall– one is given significant hints about the information. This is similar to fill in the blank assessments used in classrooms.
- Recognition– Remember a list of words or pictures, after that ask to identify the previously presented words or pictures from among a list of alternatives that were not presented in the original list. This is similar to multiple choice assessments.
- Detection paradigm– See number of objects and color samples during a certain period of time. Remember as much as you can by looking at testers and pointing out whether the testers are similar to the sample, or if any change is present.
- Savings method– Compare the speed of originally learning to the speed of relearning it. The amount of time saved measures memory.
Super brain yoga to Improve Memory power
Super brain Yoga is a simple beneficial exercise. This does not involve any strange body twists or turns, yet works wonders for the brain. It can especially benefit hyperactive children and teens, senile people, autistic people, people with ADD/ADHD, and those with related disabilities.
Steps to perform brain yoga
- Face east, if you know where it is.
- Roll your tongue in the inward direction and press it firmly towards the roof of your mouth.
- Raise your left arm in front of you.Important, left arm first.
- Fold at the elbow and reach for your right earlobe.
- Hold your right earlobe with your left hand so that the thumb is on the outside and two fingers are on the inside, behind the ear.
- Extend your right arm in front of you.
- Fold at the elbow and reach for your left earlobe.The right arm will cross over the left one.
- Position your thumb and forefinger in the same manner as on right earlobe.
- Inhale deeply through your nose and simultaneously squat down gently to a sitting position, with your arms as above.No chair required, just squat. If you can go down almost to floor level, that is best.
- If possible, hold the position for two or three seconds.Exhale gently and rise to standing position as you are exhaling.
- This is one cycle.
- Inhale as you go down, exhale as you come up.Repeat cycle at least seven times.
- Continue for fourteen cycles.Continuing beyond is not recommended.
- At the end of the fourteenth cycle, release your ears, leave your arms loose by your sides and disconnect tongue from roof of mouth.
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